Haiti – Agriculture : The number of undernourished Haitians continues to increase in the country
As part of World Food Day (October 16), celebrated this year around the theme “Cultivate. Feed. Preserve. Together, let’s act for the future” was jointly commemorated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Ministry of Agriculture.
The opportunity for José Luis Fernández the FAO Representative in Haiti to recall that the last assessment of the Integrated Food Security Classification Framework (IPC) in Haiti revealed that for the period from August 2020 to February 2021, 9% of the Haitian population analyzed (905,471 people) are classified in Phase 4 of the IPC (Humanitarian emergency) and 33% (3,083,497 people) in phase 3 of the IPC (Food crisis and acute livelihoods) or 42% of the population who are in need of urgent action.
During his intervention at the FAO Representation Office, Patrix Sévère, the Minister of Agriculture drew up a rather worrying inventory of the food situation in the country and the many difficulties faced by actors in the food chain, ranging from production to feeding the consumer market. “The evidence today in Haiti is that national agricultural production has yet to meet the food needs of the population. About 4 million inhabitants are food insecure,” assuring that his Ministry was seeking to improve food security by boosting the agricultural sector.
Minister Sévère noted that the number of undernourished people continues to increase in Haiti and communities are plagued by the risks of climate change, affirming “We must take adequate measures that can help communities, especially rural, to recover from the food crisis and to take the paths of empowerment.”
Fernández highlighted the role of agriculture in the economy and food security of Haitian families. “Agriculture is one of the important pillars for the development of Haiti”, praising the Farmer Field School approach advocated by the FAO, the objective of which is to strengthen the capacities of communities with a view to increase their agricultural production and livelihoods in a manner adapted to the local context.
José Luis Fernández and Minister Sévère agreed on the need to optimize interventions in rural agricultural areas, through innovative tools and approaches, if one want a clear increase in productivity and adequate response to urgent food needs in the coming years.
Learn more about IPC Phases 3 and 4 :
Phase 3 : Acute food and livelihood crisis
Acute and critical insufficiency of access to food combined with severe and unusual malnutrition and accelerated depletion of livelihood assets which, if the situation continues, will push the population into poverty. Phase 4 or 5 and/or will likely result in chronic poverty
Phase 4 : Humanitarian emergency
Severe inadequate access to food with excessive mortality, very high and growing malnutrition and irreversible depletion of livelihood assets.